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This table is provided as an information service by Diversified Enterprises.

This table highlights the viscosity and surface tension of a variety of solvents and other liquids. An analogous table, which also includes Hansen Solubility Parameters and surface tension components, can be seen here. If you are concerned with formulation problems which involve surface wetting, solubility, and viscosity control, you may wish to consult both tables. Each one can be sorted by column — just click on the column header as desired to re-order this printable table.

If there are additional solvents or other liquids that you think we should add to this collection — especially if you can provide data with citations — please e-mail us to let us know.

Viscosity, Surface Tension, Specific Density and Molecular Weight of Selected Liquids

print this sort order (table only)

Name(1) ascending
descending
Molecular Formula descending
descending
CAS#(2) ascending
descending
Mol. Wt.(3) descending
descending
Specific Density(4) descending
descending
Surface Tension(5) descending
descending
Viscosity(6)
cP descending
descending
cs descending
descending
Bromine
Br2
7726-95-6
159.81
3.214
41.0
0.94
0.29
Tetrachloromethane (carbon tetrachloride)
CCl4
56-23-5
153.82
1.583
26.3
0.91
0.57
Trichloromethane (chloroform)
CHCl3
67-66-3
119.38
1.480
26.7
0.54
0.36
Dichloromethane (methylene chloride, DCM)
CH2Cl2
75-09-2
84.93
1.318
27.8
0.41
0.31
Diiodomethane (methylene iodide)
CH2I2
75-11-6
267.84
3.306
50.8(7)
2.6(8)
0.78
Methanoic acid (formic acid)
CH2O2
64-18-6
46.03
1.214
37.7
1.61
1.32
Formamide (methanomide)
CH3NO
75-12-7
45.04
1.129
57.0
3.34
2.96
Nitromethane
CH3NO2
75-52-5
61.04
1.129
36.3
0.63
0.56
Methanol (methyl alcohol)
CH4O
67-56-1
32.04
0.787
22.1
0.54
0.69
Trichloroethylene (TCE, trichloroethene)
C2HCl3
79-01-6
131.39
1.458
28.7
0.55
0.38
1,1,1-Trichloroethane (methyl chloroform)
C2H3Cl3
71-55-6
133.40
1.330
25.0
0.79
0.59
Acetonitrile (ethane nitrile)
C2H3N
75-05-8
41.05
0.779
28.7
0.37
0.47
1,2-Dichloroethane (ethylene dichloride)
C2H4Cl2
107-06-2
98.96
1.246
32.6
0.78
0.63
Acetic acid (ethanoic acid)
C2H4O2
64-19-7
60.05
1.043
27.0
1.06
1.02
Ethanol (ethyl alcohol)
C2H6O
64-17-5
46.07
0.787
22.0
1.07
1.36
Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)
C2H6OS
67-68-5
78.13
1.095
42.9
1.99
1.82
Ethylene glycol
C2H6O2
107-21-1
62.07
1.111
48.4
16.1
14.5
2-Aminoethanol (ethanolamine)
C2H7NO
141-43-5
61.08
1.014
48.3
21.1
20.8
Acrylonitrile (ethenylnitrile)
C3H3N
107-13-1
53.06
0.801
26.7
0.34(9)
0.42
Epichlorohydrin (chloromethyloxirane)
C3H5ClO
106-89-8
92.52
1.174
36.3
1.07
0.91
Acetone (propanone)
C3H6O
67-64-1
58.08
0.786
23.0
0.31
0.39
Methyl acetate
C3H6O2
79-20-9
74.08
0.927
24.5
0.36
0.39
N,N-Dimethylformamide (DMF)
C3H7NO
68-12-2
73.09
0.945
34.4
0.79
0.84
1-Propanol (n-propanol, n-propyl alcohol)
C3H8O
71-23-8
60.10
0.802
20.9
1.95
2.43
2-Propanol (isopropyl alcohol)
C3H8O
67-63-0
60.10
0.783
23.3
2.04
2.61
2-Methoxyethanol (ethylene glycol monomethyl ether)
C3H8O2
109-86-4
76.10
0.960
42.8
1.7(12)
1.8
Dimethoxymethane (methylal)
C3H8O2
109-87-5
76.10
0.854
18.8
0.33(14)
0.39
1,2-Propanediol (propylene glycol)
C3H8O2
57-55-6
76.10
1.033
45.6
40.4
39.1
Glycerol
C3H8O3
56-81-5
92.09
1.257
76.2
934
743
Propylene carbonate
C4H6O3
108-32-7
102.09
1.200(10)
40.9(10)
2.50(10)
2.08
2-Butanone (methyl ethyl ketone)
C4H8O
78-93-3
72.11
0.799
24.0
0.41
0.51
Tetrahydrofuran
C4H8O
109-99-9
72.11
0.880
26.7
0.46
0.52
1,4-Dioxane
C4H8O2
123-91-1
88.11
1.029
32.9
1.18
1.15
Ethyl acetate (ethyl ethanoate)
C4H8O2
141-78-6
88.11
0.894
23.2
0.42
0.47
Morpholine
C4H9NO
110-91-8
87.12
0.997
38.8
2.02
2.03
1-Butanol (n-butyl alcohol)
C4H10O
71-36-3
74.12
0.806
25.0
2.54
3.15
2-Butanol (sec-butanol)
C4H10O
78-92-2
74.12
0.805
22.6
3.10
3.85
Diethyl ether (ethoxyethane)
C4H10O
60-29-7
74.12
0.708
16.7
0.22
0.31
2-Methylpropyl alcohol (isobutanol)
C4H10O
78-83-1
74.12
0.797
22.6
3.95(15)
4.96
1,3-Butanediol
C4H10O2
107-88-0
90.12
1.002
47.1
98.3(17)
98.1
1,2-Dimethoxyethane (DME (ethylene glycol dimethyl ether)
C4H10O2
110-71-4
90.12
0.865
20.0
1.1(16)
1.3
2-Ethoxyethanol (ethylene glycol monoethyl ether)
C4H10O2
110-80-5
90.12
0.925
28.8
2.1(11)
2.3
Diethylene glycol
C4H10O3
111-46-6
106.12
1.114
55.1
30.2
27.1
Dimethylethanolamine (2-(dimethylamino)ethanol)
C4H11NO
108-01-0
89.14
0.882
51.6
4.08(17)
4.63
Pyridine
C5H5N
110-86-1
79.10
0.979
36.7
0.88
0.90
2-Furanmethanol (furfuryl alcohol)
C5H6O2
98-00-0
98.10
1.127
53.3
4.62(17)
4.10
Methyl methacrylate
C5H8O2
80-62-6
100.12
0.937
24.2
0.57(18)
0.61
N-Methyl-2-pyrrolidine
C5H9NO
872-50-4
99.13
1.025
44.6
1.67(17)
1.63
Isopropyl acetate (isopropyl ethanoate)
C5H10O2
108-21-4
102.13
0.871
22.3
0.52(17)
0.60
Propyl acetate (propyl ethanoate)
C5H10O2
109-60-4
102.13
0.883
23.9
0.54
0.61
1,2-Dichlorobenzene
C6H4Cl2
95-50-1
147.00
1.301
35.7
1.32
1.01
Benzene
C6H6
71-43-2
78.11
0.873
28.2
0.60
0.69
Aniline
C6H7N
62-53-3
93.13
1.018
42.4
3.85
3.78
Cyclohexanone
C6H10O
108-94-1
98.14
0.942
34.4
2.02
2.14
Cyclohexane
C6H12
110-82-7
84.16
0.773
24.7
0.89
1.15
Cyclohexanol
C6H12O
108-93-0
100.16
0.960
33.4
57.5
59.9
4-Methyl-2-pentanone (methyl isobutyl ketone)
C6H12O
108-10-1
100.16
0.796
23.5
0.55
0.69
Butyl acetate
C6H12O2
123-86-4
116.16
0.876
24.8
0.69
0.79
2-Methyl propyl ethanoate (isobutyl acetate)
C6H12O2
110-19-0
116.16
0.869
23.0
0.68
0.78
2-Butoxyethanol (ethylene glycol monobutyl ether)
C6H14O2
111-76-2
118.17
0.896
26.6
6.4(13)
7.1
Triethanolamine
C6H15NO3
102-71-6
149.19
1.120
51.5
609
543
Benzonitrile
C7H5N
100-47-0
103.12
1.001
38.8
1.27
1.27
Benzaldehyde
C7H6O
100-52-7
106.12
1.040
38.3
1.4(15)
1.4
Toluene
C7H8
108-88-3
92.14
0.865
27.9
0.56
0.65
Benzyl alcohol
C7H80
100-51-6
108.14
1.041
36.8
5.47
5.25
3-Methylphenol (m-Cresol)
C7H8O
108-39-4
108.14
1.030
35.8
12.9
12.5
2-Heptanone (methyl n-amyl ketone)
C7H14O
110-43-0
114.19
0.811
26.1
0.71
0.88
n-Heptane
C7H16
142-82-5
100.20
0.682
19.8
0.39
0.57
Styrene (phenylethene)
C8H8
100-42-5
104.15
0.900
32.0
0.70
0.78
Acetophenone (1-phenylethanone)
C8H8O
98-86-2
120.15
1.024
39.0
1.68
1.64
Ethylbenzene
C8H10
100-41-4
106.17
0.865
28.6
0.63
0.73
o-Xylene
C8H10
95-47-6
106.17
0.876
29.6
0.76
0.87
p-Xylene
C8H10
106-42-3
106.17
0.861
27.9
0.60
0.70
Phenoxyethanol (ethylene glycol monophenyl ether)
C8H10O2
122-99-6
138.16
1.11(17)
-
20.3(17)
18.3
Octanoic acid (caprylic acid)
C8H16O2
124-07-2
144.21
0.903
27.9
5.02
5.56
2-Ethyl-1-hexanol
C8H18O
104-76-7
130.23
0.830
27.7
6.27
7.55
Isophorone
C9H14O
78-59-1
138.21
0.920
35.5
2.33
2.53
1-Bromonaphthalene
C10H7Br
90-11-9
207.07
1.478
44.4
-
-
Dibutyl phthalate
C16H22O4
84-74-2
278.34
1.043
37.4
16.6
15.9
Hexadecane
C16H34
544-76-3
226.44
0.770
27.1
-
-
Dioctyl hexanedioate (dioctyl adipate)
C22H42O4
103-23-1
370.57
0.92(19)
-
13.7(19)
14.9
Bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (BEHP, dioctyl phthalate)
C24H38O4
117-84-0
390.56
0.980
31.1
80(20)
82
Water
H2O
7732-18-5
18.02
0.999
72.7
0.89
0.89
Hydrogen peroxide
H2O2
7722-84-1
34.02
1.449
74.0
1.25(15)
0.86
Hydrazine
H4N2
302-01-2
32.04
0.950
66.9
0.88
0.93
Mercury
Hg
7439-97-6
200.59
13.630
474.4
1.53
0.11
Silicon tetrachloride
SiCl4
10026-04-7
169.90
1.645
18.8
99.4
60.4

(1) Choice of nomenclature is one of the most difficult tasks in assembling any table of chemical data, especially one containing a variety of hydrocarbons that have become widely known by non-scientific names. We have generally used IUPAC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry) nomenclature as the primary name; widely used synonyms are also included — sometimes these are shown as the primary name, depending on common usage. In a very few cases, the IUPAC designation is quite technical, and not widely used in industry, and so has been left out of this table entirely. It is always best to reference CAS (Chemical Abstracts Service) numbers to make sure the correct material is being evaluated.to page top

(2) Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, Carl L. Yaw, William Andrew, Norwich, NY, 2008, except as noted.to page top

(3) Chemical Abstracts Service registry number: CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 85th Edition, David R. Lide, ed., CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 2004, except as noted.to page top

(4) g/ml @ 25oC (298.15 K): Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, Carl L. Yaw, William Andrew, Norwich, NY, 2008, except as noted.to page top

(5) dynes/cm @ 25oC (298.15 K): Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, Carl L. Yaw, William Andrew, Norwich, NY, 2008, except as noted. to page top

(6) viscosity @ 25oC (298.15 K): CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 85th Edition, David R. Lide, ed., CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 2004, except as noted. cP is the abbreviation for centipoise, a standard unit of measurement for viscosity. cs is the abbreviation for centistoke, which is a measure used in viscosity cup tests; it equals centipoise divided by specific density. to page top

(7) http://www.surface-tension.de/LIQUIDS cites 50.9 dynes/cm @ 20oC (293.15 K). to page top

(8) @ 25oC: http://www.heavyliquids.com/product_LST/org.htm. to page top

(9) @ 25oC: The Chemistry of Acrylonitrile, American Cyanamid Co., 1951, pp. 11-19. to page top

(10) @ 25oC: http://www.huntsman.com/performance_products/Media/JEFFSOL_Alkylene_Carbonates_(brochure).pdf. to page top

(11) @ 20oC: http://www.advancepetro.com/egmee.htm. to page top

(12) @ 20oC: http://www.advancepetro.com/egmme.htm. to page top

(13) @ 20oC: http://www.advancepetro.com/egmbe.htm. to page top

(14) @ 30oC: http://www.Icy.com.tw/msds/en/LCY020E.pdf. to page top

(15) @ 20oC: http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki. to page top

(16) @ 20oC: http://www.alibaba.com/product-gs/209939946/Ethylene_glycol_dimethyl_ether.html. to page top

(17) @ 20oC: http://solvdb.ncms.org/common01.idc. to page top

(18) @ 25oC: http://www.methylmethacrylate.eu. to page top

(19) @ 20oC: https://fscimage.fishersci.com/msds/54816.htm. to page top

(20) @ 20oC: http://www.alibaba.com/product-free/11745259/Dioctyl_Phthalate_Dop_.html. to page top

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